The purpose of dental prosthetics is to replace the missing teeth therefore giving you the perfect looking dentil. You have various options regarding prosthetic treatments.
Full Plate Prosthesis (Full Dentil)
A full plate prosthesis becomes necessary when there are no teeth in the mouth. Such dentures are kept in place by vacuum effect, and wearing it puts a serious psychic pressure on the patient, because it can be lived as a sign of getting old. Wearing them can be a discomfort at first, but this will pass away. Another method of ensuring its fixed location in the mouth is by applying dental implants.
Partial Plate Prosthesis (Partial Dentil)
If the patient has teeth, but they are nut enough in number to make a fixed denture, we apply a partial plate prosthesis. Such dentures are prepared on a metal base covered in pink plastic. The teeth are fixed by plastic claws and anchors that are not visible from the outside. Due to the spread and popularity of dental implants, this method is rarely used these days.
Dental works cemented to the grinded tooth or the implant by glue. Removable only by a dentist.
There are two types of these:
1. Ceramic Crowns/Bridges Fixed onto a Metal Base
The metal base can be made of nickel-free alloy, nickel alloy or gold alloy. First the dentist prepares the tooth then the dental dental prosthetist prepares the crown or birdge based on the imprint. The ceramic plating is placed on a metal base in several layers. This way we can reach a natural look considering individual features (eg.: tooth colour).
Crown: a fixed denture which is placed on the polished teeth or the implant.
Bridge: the bridge piece bridges the missing tooth. The crown and the bridge piece together form the bridge. The birdge is an option if the teeth neighbouring the pitch are suitable pillars.
Pivot tooth: if the crown of the tooth is so damaged that it is not suitable for a crown we drill it after removing the nerves and restore it by the plastic pivot placed in it. Crown is placed on the plastic stub.
Ceramic crowns: a special metal cap is placed on the polished tooth which is then covered by ceramics matching the tooth colour. The ceramics completely cover the tooth, which are aesthetic, have a long lifespan and keep their colour.
Plastic crowns: in this case the metal cap is covered by plastic hardened by light. It matches the patient’s tooth colour perfectly and is fixed by glue.
Gold crowns: uncovered denture made of dental gold for the teeth in the back.
2. Non-metallic Ceramic Crown or Bridge
Just as in the case of the metalic solutions, the dental dental prosthetist prepares the crown or bridge based on the imprint of the prepared tooth. The denture is made entirely of ceramics for a most natural look. Types: empress ceramics crown, zirconium-oxide ceramics, ceramic inlay.
Since the empress crown is not placed on a metal base, due to the high transparency of the ceramics it complies with the highest aesthetic expectations. Allergic reactions are also very rare in their surroundings.
Zirconium-oxide ceramics is the high-tech solution in unmetallic prosthetic dentistry. Metal in this case is substituted by zirconium-oxide, which is the material of the base. The base and the covering material are matching in colour, so we achieve perfect aesthetic effect. CAD/CAM is a procedure where the dentist scans the imprint of the teeth and the computer carves it from zirconium. The porcelain cover is placed on this frame.
The ceramic inlay is very aesthetic. It is fixed on the tooth with a special dental glue, forming a unity and defending, strenghtening the remaining tooth tissue. The advantage of bridges fixed with inlays is that teeth neighbouring the missing teeth do not need to be polished, rather the bridge is held by the inlays placed in the two neighbouring teeth as fillings. Bridges and crowns prepared for implants: these can be a solution in cases where the only option would be removable denture, but implants provide the option of fixed denture. They are fixed by glue or screws.
These are dentures made up of a fixed and removable part. Remaining teeth can be connected by fixed dentures (crowns, bridges). This way we can ensure the defence of remaining teeth as well as providing perfect connection with the removable part.